Tutorials: Photographic Composition

A different viewpoint

When you see the opportunity for a photo, stop for a second to consider your viewpoint. Is there a better view from the left or right? Will the subject look more imposing if the camera shoots from a low level? Laying flat on the ground and shooting up is a good way to give impact to the image.

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© Fabrizio Zucchi 2011, EOS 3

Sometimes you can move to higher ground and shoot down on a landscape. In towns you might be able to climb a bell tower, or shoot from the roof of a multi-storey car park. Look around for the opportunities other people will miss.

Near and far
Photographs can look dull if there is no sense of scale or depth. One way to overcome this, and add interest to the image, is with a foreground subject.

Imagine you are on a beach photographing the cliffs across the bay. If you stand while taking the picture, the foreground will probably look fairly empty. But by laying down on the sand and including a small rock, or a piece of seaweed as a foreground subject you will add greater depth and produce a more dynamic scene.

A dramatic approach to increase the perception of depth in a photo is to use a tilt and shift lens with an EOS camera. The EOS 60D and EOS 600D feature a Miniature Effect mode. Both of these approaches give a very small depth of field (the area that is in focus) which gives the impression of miniaturisation.

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Tutorials
Photographic Composition
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Landscape photography
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